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Start page JUMO | Code for America | good.is |
“If you want to free a society, just give them internet access. Because people, the young guys, you know, are all going to go out and see biased media, see the truth about other nations and their own nation and they’re going to be able to contribute and collaborate together.”
▸ [IAEA, Iran Meeting in Vienna] Reuters

But differences remain on how the IAEA should conduct its probe, and the United States said this week it doubted whether Iran would give the U.N. agency the kind of access to sites, documents and officials it needs.

"I’m not optimistic," Robert Wood, the acting U.S. envoy to the IAEA, told reporters on the sidelines of a meeting of the U.N. agency’s governing board. "I certainly hope that an agreement will be reached but I’m not certain Iran is ready."

Mark Hibbs, a nuclear proliferation expert of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, said he “strongly doubted” there would be a final agreement on Friday.

"There are a number of issues that have not been resolved," he said.

Western scepticism was reinforced by defiant remarks by Soltanieh, who accused the U.N. body on Wednesday of acting like a Western-manipulated spy service and said Iran’s military activities were none of its business.

The Iranian envoy said Iran would “not permit our national security to be jeopardised”, suggesting it might limit the scope of the U.N. inspectors’ investigation.

A European diplomat said Soltanieh’s remarks signalled Iran would be in no mood to compromise in Friday’s Vienna talks.

Western officials, who suspect Iran is dragging out the two sets of talks to buy time for its nuclear programme, say the value of any deal will depend on how it is implemented.

Source: af.reuters.com

Jun 08, 2012, 10:26am  0 notes      

▸ Iran not ready for visit to suspect nuclear site [Parchin] | Reuters

But does this mean process with IAEA broke down? (Nah) Needs IAEA’s response. 

May 27, 2012, 2:52pm  2 notes      

▸ U.S. study: Iran has enough uranium [material] for five nuclear bombs [if enriched] [ISIS Analysis based on IAEA report], Reuters

Iran has significantly stepped up its output of low-enriched uranium and total production in the last five years would be enough for at least five nuclear weapons if refined much further, a U.S. security institute said.

The Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS), a think-tank which tracks Iran’s nuclear programme closely, based the analysis on data in the latest report by the UN International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) which was issued on Friday. […]

Friday’s report by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), a Vienna-based UN body, showed Iran was pressing ahead with its uraniumn enrichment work in defiance of UN resolutions calling on it to suspend the activity.

It said Iran had produced almost 6.2 tonnes of uranium enriched to a level of 3.5 percent since it began the work in 2007 - some of which has subsequently been further processed into higher-grade material.

This is nearly 750 kg more than in the previous IAEA report issued in February, and ISIS said Iran’s monthly production had risen by roughly a third.

This total amount of 3.5 percent low enriched uranium hexafluoride, if further enriched to weapon grade, is enough to make over five nuclear weapons,” ISIS said in its analysis.

It added, however, that some of Iran’s higher-grade uranium had been converted into reactor fuel and would not be available for nuclear weapons, at least not quickly. […]

Iran has installed more than 50 percent more enrichment centrifuges at Fordow, the IAEA report said. Although not yet being fed with uranium, the new machines could be used to further boost Iran’s output of uranium enriched to 20 percent.

ISIS said Iran still appeared to be experiencing problems in its testing of production-scale units of more advanced centrifuges that would allow it to refine uranium faster, even though it had made some progress.

Source: haaretz.com

May 26, 2012, 12:34pm  0 notes      

▸ U.N. nuclear agency finds more highly enriched uranium in Iran [27%, though still could be the product of technical glitch]- LA Times

VIENNA — The United Nations atomic watchdog agency has found evidence at an underground bunker in Iran that may mean scientists there have moved closer to enriching uranium to the level needed to produce nuclear weapons.

Iran, for its part, claims the slightly more highly enriched uranium was the result of a technical glitch, according to a restricted report from the International Atomic Energy Agency obtained by The Times.

Experts said the discovery of traces of uranium enriched up to 27% at the Fordow facility near the holy city of Qom is above Iran’s previously highest-known enrichment grade, about 20%, but may be the result of improper calibration when the centrifuges were first used.

Uranium must be enriched to roughly 90% in order to make a nuclear weapon. Iran says its nuclear program is purely for peaceful purposes, but has been enriching uranium to higher levels than experts believe is necessary, though still far below the level needed for weapon-grade fuel.

“It is not necessarily a sign that Iran is enriching to levels beyond what it has declared,” a diplomat in Vienna said, speaking anonymously because of the sensitivity of the issue. Higher-than-expected enrichment has been found in the past at the Natanz facility in Iran, the diplomat said.

The watchdog agency is seeking more details to assess Iran’s explanation that the more highly enriched uranium came about as a result of a technical glitch, the restricted report said.

May 25, 2012, 8:04pm  5 notes      

▸ UN Nuclear Chief : Deal With Iran Reached on Probe - ABC News

After talks in Tehran between Amano and chief Iranian nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili, “the decision was made… to reach agreement” on the mechanics of giving the IAEA access to sites, scientists and documents it seeks to restart its probe,” Amano told reporters at Vienna airport after his one-day trip to Tehran.

Amano said differences existed on “some details,” without elaborating but added that Jalili had assured him that these “will not be an obstacle to reach agreement.” He spoke of “an almost clean text” that will be signed soon, although he could not say when.

Probe - on Parchin/Possible Military Dimension. Skepticism is of course voiced how the deal will be really reached. And tomorrow, Baghdad UNSC P5+1 and Iran nuclear talks starts. 

There Iran can use this ‘concession’ they made to their advantage.  

By compromising on the IAEA probe, Iranian negotiators in Baghdad could argue that the onus was now on the other side to show some flexibility and temper its demands. Although Amano’s trip and the talks in Baghdad are formally separate, Iran hopes progress with the IAEA can boost its chances Wednesday in pressing the U.S. and Europe to roll back sanctions that have hit Iran’s critical oil exports and blacklisted the country from international banking networks.

May 22, 2012, 5:03pm  0 notes      

▸ IAEA Top Upbeat Ahead of Iran Visit [this Monday, 'Possible Military Dimension' of Iran nuclear program issue], Gulf Times, Qatar

“I really think this is the right time to try to reach agreement,” he told reporters at Vienna airport yesterday before flying to the Iranian capital, where he was due to arrive early today. 

“Good progress” was made during last week’s talks between senior IAEA officials and an Iranian envoy in Vienna, he said. 

“Nothing is certain but let’s stay positive,” the veteran Japanese diplomat added. 

May 20, 2012, 6:22pm  4 notes      

IAEA Chief Amano to Visit Tehran Monday [IAEA-Iran deal possibly close], Fredrik Dahl, Reuters

"I assume he wouldn’t go without being fairly sure they will deliver," one Western diplomat said about the trip to the Iranian capital by Director General Yukiya Amano of the International Atomic Energy Agency, a Vienna-based U.N. body.

"Amano’s visit is clear evidence that a deal between the IAEA and Iran is finally about to be consummated. Or at least Iran has given the IAEA clear reason to think so," said nuclear proliferation expert Mark Fitzpatrick.

"Iran apparently wants to go into the Baghdad meeting with a positive wind at its back, demonstrating a posture of flexibility that it hopes will rebound to its benefit" in the meeting, said Fitzpatrick of the International Institute for Strategic Studies think-tank.

To foster progress in Baghdad, Iran should agree to grant IAEA access “without the conditions and limits” it proposed earlier this year, said Greg Thielmann of the U.S.-based Arms Control Association, an advocacy and research group.

Still just can be a maneuver. But.

Source: moneycontrol.com
May 18, 2012, 3:32pm   0 notes
▸ IAEA, Iran begin new nuke talks [Vienna, Focus is on suspected Parchin's explosion chamber], AP

VIENNA (AP) — A senior U.N. nuclear agency official urged Iran on Monday to allow access to sites, people and documents it seeks in its probe of suspicions that Tehran conducted secret research into nuclear weapons development.

The appeal came as International Atomic Energy Agency officials renewed talks with Iranian envoys aimed at persuading Tehran to allow IAEA experts to visit a suspect site at the Parchin military complex.


Beyond IAEA hopes of progress, the two-day meeting is being closely watched by six powers trying to persuade Iran to make nuclear concessions as a mood-setter for May 23 talks between the six and Tehran in Baghdad.

May 14, 2012, 1:54pm  2 notes      

▸ [Associated Press acquires a Drawing of Iranian Nuclear Explosive Testing Facility (Parchin, *Most likely now defunct)]

VIENNA (AP) — A drawing based on information from inside an Iranian military site shows an explosives containment chamber of the type needed for nuclear arms-related tests that U.N. inspectors suspect Tehran has conducted there. Iran denies such testing and has neither confirmed nor denied the existence of such a chamber.

The computer-generated drawing was provided to The Associated Press by an official of a country tracking Iran’s nuclear program who said it proves the structure exists, despite Tehran’s refusal to acknowledge it.

That official said the image is based on information from a person who had seen the chamber at the Parchin military site, adding that going into detail would endanger the life of that informant. The official comes from an IAEA member country that is severely critical of Iran’s assertions that its nuclear activities are peaceful and asserts they are a springboard for making atomic arms.

A former senior IAEA official said he believes the drawing is accurate. Olli Heinonen, until last year the U.N. nuclear agency’s deputy director general in charge of the Iran file, said it was “very similar” to a photo he recently saw that he believes to be the pressure chamber the IAEA suspects is at Parchin.

He said even the colors of the computer-generated drawing matched that of the photo he had but declined to go into the origins of the photo to protect his source.

Though - now the facility - supposed to be gone (demolished?)- or went through extensive cleanup to remove all evidences of experiments performed. 

The technology used for the suspected multipoint explosives trigger experiments is similar to that employed in manufacturing tiny industrialized diamonds, and the IAEA believes former Soviet scientist Vyacheslav Danilenko - an expert in such diamond-making - helped Iran with designing the chamber.

Diplomats say Danilenko has told the agency that he did not work on such a chamber, but his son in law, identified by the diplomats as Vladimir Padalko, told the IAEA that the container was built under Danilenko’s direct supervision. Repeated attempts by the AP and other media organizations to contact the two men have been unsuccessful since the IAEA revealed Danilenko’s suspected involvement in November.

"What one does inside such a chamber is conduct high explosives testing," said Mark Fitzpatrick, director of the Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Program of the International Institute for Strategic Studies. "You are going to make something go boom with maybe 70 kilograms (more than 150 pounds) of high explosives, you need to contain the explosion.

"And particularly if you are using uranium, which is reportedly the case, you want to contain all the uranium dust so there’s not any tell-tale, observable signals of that experimentation."

Source: hosted2.ap.org

May 14, 2012, 7:40am  1 note      

▸ "Ultimately, Iran is willing to allow "full transparency" of its nuclear program with "permanent human monitoring," - CNN, Christiane Amanpour interview with adviser to Khamenei

"If the Western community is asking us for more transparency, then we should expect more cooperation," said Mohammad Javad Larijani, a member of a powerful political clan in Iran and an adviser to the country’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. […]

Ultimately, Iran is willing to allow “full transparency” of its nuclear program with “permanent human monitoring,” Larijani said, but not right away and only if Western powers give Iran all the rights allowed under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

Then the details of IAEA inspection have to be worked out - and inspections need to be carried out rather quickly.

We have to see what’s going to actually follow, take place after this interview.

Mar 16, 2012, 3:02am  1 note      

▸ Iran May Not Open a Site to Nuclear Inspectors - NYTimes

Iran’s unwillingness to grant the inspectors’ request could complicate resumed talks announced last week between Iran and the five permanent United Nations Security Council members plus Germany over Iran’s nuclear energy program, an increasing source of world tension. 

just in :(

Mar 13, 2012, 11:00pm  0 notes      

▸ [Iran, IAEA Report: Iran Tripled Pace of Uranium Enrichment] - Bloomberg

Iran has increased the number of machines it’s using to enrich uranium at its Natanz complex by 14 percent and has begun enriching material at its underground Fordo complex near the holy city of Qom.

Iran is now making almost 31 pounds (14 kilograms) of 20 percent-enriched uranium a month compared with almost nine pounds (4 kilograms) in November, according to the report.

Though source and timing of this information is not clear, is it possible/reasonable to assume that Iran revealed this information during late Jan IAEA visit to Tehran? 

Iran may be able to stockpile as much as 638 pounds of 20 percent enriched uranium, said Olli Heinonen, a senior fellow at Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, in a Feb. 15 telephone call.

That’s enough to make as many as two nuclear weapons if Iran decided to continue enriching to weapons-grade, which is 90 percent, according to Heinonen, who as the IAEA’s chief inspector visited Iranian facilities until 2010.

Iran increased its supply of 20 percent-enriched uranium to almost 240 pounds from just over 162 pounds reported in November, the IAEA said. Iran has produced almost 12,000 pounds of uranium enriched to less than 5 percent compared to slightly more than 10,828 pounds in the last IAEA report.

About 1,386 pounds of low-enriched uranium, if further purified, could yield the 33 pounds to 48 pounds of weapons- grade uranium an expert bomb maker needs to make a weapon, according to the London-based Verification Research, Training and Information Center, a non-governmental observer to the IAEA funded by European governments.


(Then roughly, 300 pounds of 20% enriched uranium = 1 bomb, 1386 pound of low-enriched uranium=1 bomb. That means Iran is yet to have enough 20% uranium for the first bomb, if the declared amount is truthful - and if it’s not secretly running hidden enrichment facilities… though somehow it certainly is increasing its uranium enrichment production while all these diplomatic tensions and sanctions, and also while completely denying IAEA access to any of its key enrichment and weapon R&D facilities. )

Source: bloomberg.com

Feb 24, 2012, 5:48pm  0 notes      

▸ [IAEA, Iran] U.N. agency: Iran rapidly expanding nuclear work [also nuclear material missing]

(AP)  VIENNA - The U.N. nuclear agency says Iran has rapidly ramped up production of higher-grade enriched uranium over the last four months, in a confidential report that feeds concerns about how quickly the Islamic Republic could produce an atomic bomb.

Friday’s report by the International Atomic Energy Agency also said Iran had failed to give a convincing explanation about a quantity of missing uranium metal. Diplomats have said the missing amount could be used for experiments used to arm a warhead.

Source: cbsnews.com

Feb 24, 2012, 12:10pm  2 notes      

“We could not get access (to the Parchin military [missile technology R&D] site), we could not formalise the way forward. We will now report to the (IAEA) director general and later to the board of governors. Then we will have to see what are the next steps.”
Herman Nackaerts, Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Safeguards of the International Atomic Energy Agency AFP, UN atomic agency says no breakthrough on Iran visit

February 22, 2012, 1:34pm  0 notes